Fourth Estate Public Benefit Corporation, an online news producer, licensed some of its articles to Wall-Street.com, a news website. The license agreement required Wall-Street.com to remove any Fourth Estate produced articles once the license expired, but Wall-Street.com declined to do so. Fourth Estate brought a copyright infringement claim against Wall-Street.com, arguing that Fourth Estate had registered the articles in question with the Copyright Office, although the Copyright Office had not yet taken action on the applications. Wall-Street.com argued that the Copyright Act permits copyright infringement suits only after the Copyright Office approves a registration application. The United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida granted Wall-Street.com’s motion to dismiss, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit affirmed. In October 2017, Fourth Estate filed a Petition for Writ of Certiorari with the Supreme Court of the United States.